Extinction is used in a combined and separate form, also, as differential reinforcement of other behavior, which is known as a DRO. This is for the purpose of finding out if there is a reduction of shouting, which is unwanted behavior, witnessed at a daycare facility where there are young children. Reinforcement through attention is an effective way of ensuring that the problem is solved. The participants showed that through DRO and extinction, the problem of shouting is eliminated. This is regardless of the other methods, which were used in the experiment (Wilder & Atwell & Wine, 2006).


Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Differential Reinforcement Of Other Behavior (DRO)
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

DESCRIPTORS: Shouting, problem behavior, differential reinforcement extinction, daycare children, attention, acknowledged, ignored.


Most young children encounter their first interactions when they are with other children and mostly in daycare centers.  Some children tend to express the problem behavior of shouting, which in turn affects them, as they carry out various activities. During playtime, the shouting problem behavior occurs often and this means that it needs to be addressed as well as intervened. It has been proven that an analysis of behavior occurs when the strategy of behavior is used. It is meant for the purpose of ensuring that unwanted behavior does not exist (McCord &Thomson & Iwata, 2001). In order to remove the reinforce, which is interfering with the behavior, extinction has to occur. The latter has to be terminated or withdrawn using the most effective manner. Behavior extinction occurs when the results of withdrawal have been witnessed. In order to ensure to that the shouting problem behavior is stopped, reinforcement should take place.

For many decades, interventions of a behavioral nature have been an extremely predominant approach during treatment. Children are the ones, who are subjected to this approach in order to ensure that they adapt and function according to their environment. Assessment of behavior among children has improved significantly due to the refined techniques, which are also advanced. In turn, the children are trained through rehabilitation and also, their development of skills improves drastically. According to Wilder, 2006, the problem behavior should be identified early enough. This ensures that teachers and parents find effective solutions for dealing with this issue. In order for the DRO to become successful, the children should be constantly reminded of the consequences of their actions. The teachers and parents should make sure that their verbal cues are made known to the children. This is effective in reducing shouting among the children (Wilder et al, 2006).  It has been found out that young children, who show good behavior by not shouting, should be rewarded through acknowledgment. Other children will follow good behavior since they know that they will be rewarded also. The behavior being targeted is shouted and reinforcement in the form of DRO is extremely effective. It ensures that the occurrence of the behavior does not progress further.

It has been found out that in order to reduce shouting among children, they should be ignored. This means that no attention should be given to them unless they raise their hands. Also, the children will be acknowledged so long as shouting is not done by them, and their hands are raised up. This means that they will receive the attention, which they need. Studies, which have been done on this issue are not many, thus there are no conclusive results that the DRO will work effectively in this situation. The children in the daycare facilities are able to provide sufficient information regarding extinction from the evidence it provides. The chosen variable, which is independent, focusing on school children, who are young, has been proven effective in other studies.

The reason for using the DRO extinction method is because other interventions, which are positive, have not been conclusive enough. It is not very clear whether the problem function is due to the different mechanisms, which affect their lives. Attention given to the children is the remedy and this is because of DRO and extinction. In order to fully understand how this problem behavior functions, a thorough analysis has to be done, by following the right procedures. It is vital that the children refrain from activities, which might make them to shout. Avoidance is always a key option in dealing with this problem behavior. Teachers are parents should not overlook the recommendations, which are presented to them (Grow et al, 2008). This is because once children are aware that shouting is not good, they will not continue with this problem behavior. Also, more evaluation needs to be done concerning the effects of using DRO and extinction methods when dealing with the problem of shouting, among young children in day care centers. The purpose for conducting this study is to find out if unwanted behaviors can be gotten rid of using the method of differential reinforcement. The latter should be able to ensure that the problem behavior becomes extinct.



Grow, L.et al. (2008). The utility of extinction-induced response variability for the selection of maids. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41, 15–24.

McCord, B. &Thomson, R. & Iwata, B. (2001). Functional analysis and treatment of self-injury associated with transitions. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 34, 195–210.

Wilder, D. & Atwell, J. & Wine, B. (2006). The effects of varying levels of treatment integrity on child compliance during treatment with a three-step prompting procedure. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39, 369–373.

Wilder, D. et al. (2006). Brief functional analysis and treatment of tantrums associated with transitions in preschool children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39, 103–107.





Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper