Ethics

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Smoking was common in the 1940s up to the 70s. It was so common that it could be likened to water bottles currently. Despite that, it being common was because it was used to symbolize equality between women and men. Therefore smoking was allowed everywhere, even in the courts and hospitals. By then, no side effects of smoking had been discovered, and therefore promoting the products was ethical. So ethically, everything done in those years, even smoking in the courtroom, was ethical since it was a commonly accepted norm.

Later in the 1960s, it was discovered that smoking was associated with lung cancer. Surgeon General made this discovery in 1964. The surgeon further said that heart, lung, stroke, and diabetes diseases could result in more smoking habits. From the report promoting cigarettes became unethical as it was discouraged in many areas. Smoking in Europe decreased, but unethical behaviors continue in some parts of the world. Cigarette manufacturers in Brazil, China, Russia, and other countries continued to promote smoking, especially among young people.

My reaction on this topic is that ethical changes happened in the developed countries. The countries took heed of the ethical changes and stopped smoking. The cigarette manufacturers, on the other hand, were not contented with the change and therefore chose to venture their business to countries that had not adopted the ethical changes. In the countries that smoking had raised the alarm, promotion content was prohibited, and therefore the companies chose the countries that ethical considerations were not promoted. Therefore in China, Russia, and other countries, the promoter ventured there and influenced the young generation. So smoking in those countries continues. This was unethical considering the manufacturers knew the effects of the cigarettes but chose to take advantage of the youths in countries that were unaware of the effects of tobacco smoking.

According to WHO (2018), the rate of tobacco consumption in South Asia went high in 2010 to date. After smoking was considered unethical, the same did not apply to the countries in South Asia. Currently, the largest smoking country is China, where the manufacturers chose to promote cigarettes and based their manufacturing plants.

According to Byars and Stanberry (2018), standards of ethics have changed all over the world. Some countries do not share the same ethics as others. The reason has been the fierce competition among the countries. Competition has created enmity among countries to the extent even what is right is considered wrong due to differences between the countries. So now the question begs, which country benefits from the set ethical standards?

From the research by Byars and Stanberry (2018), it is evident that the benefactors of the different ethical standards are the manufacturers of cigarettes. The manufacturers took advantage of the ethical difference to influence other countries, and the target was the youths or young adults. According to WHO (2018), youths and young adults are the largest consumers of tobacco products. The effects being reduced living time and a variety of medical problems.

Ethics is a matter of principle among the business and manufacturers of cigarettes. First, they should not promote or advertise their products. Secondly, they should use ethical practices when dealing with tobacco products, and finally, they should not take advantage of counties that do not share the same ethical standards as the rest. Therefore they should allow people to engage in cigarette smoking out of their will without influence.

References

Byars,S.M., & Stanberry,K. (2018).Business Ethics. OpenStax.

WHO. (2018, December 18).WHO global report on trends in the prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. WHO | World Health Organization.

 

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