Project Management Considerations in the Aviation/Aerospace Industry Today

Today, project management should be a planned, organized effort dedicated to achieving a specific, often one-time goal. Such projects can range from a simple task to a complex multidisciplinary effort, but they all require some careful attention to detail and process to be successful. To see what is involved, this paper reviews relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning opinions and recommendations relevant to large-scale project management. For this purpose, the aviation/aerospace industry will be used as the basis for illustrating project management considerations. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Project Management Considerations in Aviation
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

Review and Discussion


Regardless of complexity, all projects require a project plan. The more complex the project, the greater the need for a plan that defines: objectives, resources, assignments, budgets, timelines, and deliverables. Controls must be in place to ensure the project stays on the “critical path.” Project management typically follows major phases including feasibility study, project planning, implementation, evaluation and support/maintenance to name a few. The challenge to properly manage a project increases with the complexity of its goal. The aerospace industry’s projects are typically very complex and expensive. Staggering financial damage can result when a cost or schedule overrun occurs. According to Massue (2004), “Bombardier of Canada wasn’t a believer in project management offices. It soon changed its mind when two large projects, worth U.S. $100 million and $30 million, ran over budget by nearly 100%” (p. 1).

Various project management approaches have been tried in the past. For example, the Manhattan Project is reported to have used a direct reporting structure; that is, everyone on the project worked directly for the project manager. The initial aerospace projects used a more hierarchical approach. Compact groups were established and assigned a manager. That manager had responsibility for a specific portion of the project; however, top management retained overall responsibility. This approach was successful but it was often contentious. Aerospace projects became increasingly complex and required the effective integration of multiple technologies to achieve their goal. Large, complex projects simply overwhelm the customary approaches. A new management model was needed and the aerospace industry provided the perfect opportunity. According to Stuckenbruck (1981), “the Atlas program has been said to be the beginning of modern project management” (p. 15). Regardless of the project management approach in use, though, there is agreement that a common skill set is required – good people skills. Perhaps this is best summarized by Wysocki, Lewis & Decarlo, (2001), who advise, “This means that the only way they will get anything done is through the exercise of influence, persuasion, negotiation, and maybe a little begging at times. So interpersonal skills are at the top of our list” (p. 37). Presuming the project manager has these skills, the focus then becomes how best to support them in an on-going project. The challenge is the vast quantity of data present in a large project and how to effectively monitor its status. This paper will now address these points.

The aerospace focus on project management:

The volume and value of projects in progress worldwide defies estimation; however, success is more easily identified and measured. As Massue (2004) quoted, “A recent “Chaos Report,” published by industry analyst Standish Group, estimates that one-third of projects can be deemed “a pass”; two-thirds are either “challenged” or “outright failures” (p. 1). These rates are clearly disappointing assessments of the effectiveness of project management today. Key influencers within the Project Management community recognized the risk and responsibilities of their chosen profession. Over time, the profession’s response has been to organize, educate, certify, and adapt as conditions warranted. One development was the formation of professional associations such as the Project Management Institute (“PMI”). Their Web site at http://www.pmi.orgboasts of a membership of 240,000 professionals in over 160 countries! A large number of PMI members formed a subgroup for the aerospace industry – PMI Aerospace and Defense Special Interest Group (“SIG”) which has as one of goals “to advance the state-of-the-art of project management for aerospace and defense project management professionals” (Mission and vision, 2007).

It should be noted that on February 26 and 27, 2008, NASA will host its “Fifth Annual NASA Project Management Conference.” The sponsor of this annual event is NASA’s Academy of Program/Project & Engineering Leadership (APPEL). The keynote address by Mr. Anthony DeMarco is entitled “Five Questions a Project Manager Should Ask about Every Estimate.” Clearly, the aerospace industry is very attentive to project management. Following are project control techniques currently used to improve the probability of success.

Today’s Project Management:

Per Knack (2004), “Project management has been described as organized common sense” (p. 1). Specific tools help organize that “common sense,” and include: a project scope statement, a project charter, and a work breakdown structure. With these in hand, a project manager is prepared to organize information, deploy resources, and divide complex tasks into manageable pieces. Before beginning the project, it is good to keep in mind the advise provided by Stuckenbruck (1981), who notes, “Project success is completely dependent on adequate planning, direction, scheduling, monitoring, and control. These project functions must be closely bound together by an adequate information and control system if project performance is to be adequately measured and controlled” (p. 181). The key underlying point is “plan but monitor”; be prepared to adjust as required. Recognizing and reacting to changing conditions is crucial to success (Stuckenbruck, p. 181).

Software has been developed to assist the project manager in organizing and monitoring the project data. This software provides the ability to easily produce a variety of reports that are well-known within the project management profession. For illustration purposes this paper will provide examples from the most commonly used project control software, Microsoft Project; however, software alone will not bring a project to a successful conclusion. Conveying the information it produces and, convincing others of the appropriate action plan, requires effective communication and people skills.

Communicating project status:

It is said that a picture is word a thousand words so what might be the value of a well defined report? Consider that reports are based on data. The building blocks of project software are the assignments (i.e. tasks) and the resources (i.e. people). Task table information contains details such as task: name, estimated effort, start and stop dates, dependencies on other tasks (critical path information) etc. As shown in Figure 1 below.

Figure 1. Task Table Information.

Source: Generic Software Development Plan – Microsoft Project Template, Developing a User Manual (2008)

Resource table information contains details such as person: name, time per period (i.e. workday), cost per period, classification, etc. (see Figure 2 below).

Figure 2. Resource Table Information.

Source: Generic Software Development Plan – Microsoft Project Template, Developing a User Manual (2008)

Status information is then input to the appropriate data stores and these are used to generate reports. The resulting intersection of task and resource status data provides the basis for producing the various project reports.

One of the most useful reports for project management is the Gantt Chart (see Figure 3 below). This presents a graphic of the plan and can be viewed at various degrees of detail (i.e. major milestones or individual tasks). It will present the project so that the Critical Path items are clearly identified. It will also identify areas of overlap where discrete resources can work in parallel without adversely affecting the other.

Figure 3. Sample Gantt Chart.

Source: Generic Software Development Plan – Microsoft Project Template, Developing a User Manual (2008)

Similar data can be presented to show “actual vs. plan” status. Colors can be used to indicate favorable and unfavorable variances based on time or cost. The project management software is very adept at leveraging small amounts of data into useful management reports. However, one must be careful to ensure that data is accurately maintained and task or resource updates are applied in a timely manner. If so, the project manager has the necessary tools to assess the project’s progress and communicate its status and needs to others.


Useful tools are defined for project management. Prior to initiation, there are tools for ensuring that all parties agree on the goal, the approach, the costs, the personnel, the timetable, and the “deliverables.” Yet, only when these are defined and agreed upon can the project planning begin. Furthermore, only when the plans are defined and agreed upon can the project actually commence! It quickly becomes apparent why we speak in terms of project phases. The project management profession has developed tools, techniques, education, certification, publications, and organizations to enhance the collective skill set of its practitioners. The reason is quite clear – there is a tremendous amount of money at risk and too few projects are complete successes. However, the profession continues to self-improve. Gifted individuals bring their best resources to bear and the result is constant improvement.


Knack, R.E. (2004, October). Getting your act together: How project management can help you bring in every project on time and under budget. Planning, 70, 1.

Massue, M. (2004, February). A project planning tool. T&D, 58, 1.

Mission and vision. (2007). Project Management Institute. Retrieved February 14, 2008 at

Stuckenbruck, L.C. (1981). The implementation of project management: The professional’s

Handbook. Addison-Wesley.

Wysocki, R.K., Lewis, J.P., & Decarlo, D. (2001). The world class project manager: A professional development guide. Perseus Books..

Generic Software Development Plan – Microsoft Project Template, Developing a User Manual

2008) Project Management Practice Inc. Retrieved February 14, 2008 from htttp:/ /

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper