Infrastructure is effectively what makes a nation run. It encompasses the people, places, and things necessary to deliver critical services and goods. The US Department of Homeland Security often abbreviates critical infrastructure as CIKR (Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources) and defines CIKR as consisting of, â€œthe assets of the United States essential to the nation’s security, public health and safety, economic vitality, and way of life,â€ including â€œpower grids and water filtration plants; national monuments and government facilities; telecommunications and transportation systems; chemical facilitiesâ€ (â€œCIKR,â€ 2009, par.1). Although the majority of CIKR is privately owned, according to DHS, the government still has a vital protective role to ensure it works correctly.
Although the Internet was still in a relatively primitive stage when DHS was first established, the online element of the nationâ€™s critical infrastructure cannot be underestimated and has seismically grown in its importance. People trust a tremendous amount of vital data to make payments and conduct transactions in private enterprise. â€œWe are in an era where there is no such thing as a â€˜secureâ€™ password; even the most complex password is still a â€˜shared secretâ€™ that the application and the user both need to knowâ€ (Chertoff & Grant, 2017, par.1). The government also has entrusted a tremendous amount of vital data itself online and more and more information is stored in the so-called cloud, not even in physical computer hardware. This makes information more accessible, but also easier to log into, steal, and manipulate if hackers have the right tools and knowledge.
Tapping into or disrupting the nationâ€™s cyber infrastructure can bring commerce and government to a standstill, as well as potentially yield a source of revenue to terrorists, hackers, and common criminals in the form of information. When peopleâ€™s Internet services as disrupted or their identity is impinged upon, this is also tremendously disruptive to their sense of personal security, given the extent to which jobs as well as daily routines are dependent upon the Internet.
Tied into threats to the infrastructure, the relative security of our nationâ€™s financial services is likewise critical. The financial disruption caused in the wake of the 2008 crash had a chilling impact on both investment and employment. Again, technology infrastructure has an impact in terms of governing the evolution of this sector. Automated programmed trading has made financial volatility a daily reality, and â€œlightning-fast trading models, automated sell orders and an arsenal of sophisticated algorithmsâ€ have made crashes and spikes in the market occur, regardless of whether there is concrete and verifiable external economic reason for this (Harwell, 2018, par.2). While the 2008 crash has largely been attributed to a lack of transparency regarding financial instruments and a lack of regulation of the financial and banking industry, automated trading makes it even easier for outside rogue agents to manipulate the markets, as well as firms with experience in using creative financial instruments to make profits at the expense of smaller investors engaged in sensible, long-term investments strategies. â€œQuite often, physical and cyber protection services are also outsourced, making optimized defense more complicated and creating more opportunities for leaked defense-related knowledge, procedures and data, and contributes to shortages of highly skilled personnelâ€ (Tal, 2018, par.4).
Finally, physical transportation such as roads, bridges, and trains remain critical to safeguard. Although virtually-transmitted information is important, physical goods, including food and fuel, remain vital to the daily workings of the economy. Again, however, it is important to be mindful of the interconnectedness of all aspects of the infrastructure, as an electricity failure due to a technological miscommunication can result in a stalled subway car, or worse, a blackout during rush hour.
Chertoff, M. & Grant, J. (2017). 8 ways governments can improve their cybersecurity. HBR.
Retrieved from: https://hbr.org/2017/04/8-ways-governments-can-improve-their- cybersecurity
CIKR. (2009). DHS. Retrieved from: https://www.dhs.gov/blog/2009/11/19/cikr
Harwell, D. (2018). Algorithms just made a couple of crazy trading days that much crazier.
The Washington Post. Retrieved from: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the- switch/wp/2018/02/06/algorithms-just-made-a-couple-crazy-trading-days-that-much- crazier/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.b4ed836c6e3a
Tal, J. (2018). Americaâ€™s critical infrastructure: Threats, vulnerabilities and solutions. Bosch.
Retrieved from: https://www.securityinfowatch.com/article/12427447/americas-critical- infrastructure-threats-vulnerabilities-and-solutions
Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
1. Place an order
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!